If you are using Windows 11 and have certain types of storage devices or drivers that use a sector size larger than 4 KB, SQL Server will not be able to start because it only supports sector sizes of 512 bytes and 4 KB.

To check if you are encountering this problem, you can run this command:

fsutil fsinfo sectorinfo C:

If the value of "PhysicalBytesPerSectorForAtomicity" is 4096, then run this command in an elevated command prompt on the system that is having issues.

REG ADD "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\stornvme\Parameters\Device" /v "ForcedPhysicalSectorSizeInBytes" /t   REG_MULTI_SZ /d "* 4095" /f